• banner

Chii chinonzi Genset?

Paunotanga kuongorora sarudzo dzesimba rekuchengetedza bhizinesi rako, imba, kana saiti yebasa, iwe uchaona izwi rekuti "genset."Chii chaizvo chinonzi genset?Uye rinoshandiswa nei?

Muchidimbu, "genset" ipfupi kune "jenareta set."Inowanzoshandiswa zvakasiyana neshoko rinozivikanwa, "jenareta."Isimba rinotakurika rinoshandisa mota kugadzira magetsi.

Chii chinonzi genset chinoshandiswa?

Nzanga yemazuva ano haigoni kufamba pasina magetsi.Kubva paWi-Fi uye kutaurirana kusvika kumwenje uye kutonga kwemamiriro ekunze, mabhizinesi nedzimba zvinoda kudzikama kwesimba rekushanda.

Jenareta setiinogona kuwedzera imwe chengetedzo muchiitiko chebrownout kana kudzimwa kwemagetsi.Majenareta ekumira anogona kuchengetedza masisitimu akakosha ari kushanda munzvimbo dzekurapa, mabhizinesi, uye dzimba kana simba rekushandisa rikadzimwa.

Gensets zvakare inogona kupa inozvimiririra yega magetsi munzvimbo dziri kure kure negetsi remagetsi.Izvi zvinosanganisira nzvimbo dzokuvaka, misasa, nzvimbo dzokumaruwa, uye kunyange migodhi yakadzika pasi pevhu.Vanogonesa vanhu kushandisa simba rekuvaka, kuongorora, kana kurarama kubva munzira yakarohwa.

Kune marudzi akasiyana-siyana emagetsi emagetsi.Ese ane zvikamu zvakafanana, zvinoda imwe mhando yemafuta, uye akaiswa mu base frame.Asi pane zvimwe zvakakosha zvakasiyana, zvakare.

Genset inoshanda sei?

Majenareta emagetsi anoshanda nenzira yakafanana iyo motokari dzinoita.Vane "prime mover" (injini) uye alternator.

Injini inoshandura mafuta akaita sepeturu, dhiziri, biogas, kana gasi rechisikigo (kemikari simba) kuita simba remagetsi.

Iyo mechanical simba inotenderera alternator rotor kugadzira simba remagetsi.

Alternators ane zvikamu zviviri: rotor uye stator.Kana rotor ichitenderera, magineti pakati pe rotor uye stator inogadzira voltage (electromagnetic induction).

Apo mhepo iri pa stator inobatanidza kumutoro, inogadzira mhepo yakagadzikana yemagetsi.

Dzimba dzakawanda nemabhizinesi vanoona kushandisa gensets kuve kwakakosha nekuti kana magetsi agadzirwa, anogona kushandiswa pakarepo.Gensets zvinobudirira kugumisa chero kukanganisa nekuda kwekurasikirwa kwemagetsi.

AC vs. DC gensets: Chii chakasiyana?

Majenareta ese anoshandisa electromagnetic induction, asi kuseta kwakasiyana kunogona kuburitsa marudzi maviri akasiyana emagetsi emagetsi - alternating current (AC) kana direct current (DC).

Iyo yakawanda yakawanda yegenset ndiyo AC mhando, asi zvakakosha kuziva mutsauko.

Sezvinoreva zita rayo, kuchinjika ikozvino kunochinja nzira.Inotenderera ichidzoka nekudzoka kakawanda pasekondi.Magetsi e AC anogona kufamba pamhepo yakakwira, zvichiita kuti ive yakakosha pakuendesa kureba pagridi yemagetsi.A transformer "inotsika pasi" voltage yekushandiswa kwediki-diki.Majenareta e AC anoshandiswa kumhanyisa mota diki, midziyo yemumba, makomputa, uye midziyo yemuhofisi.

Yakananga ikozvino inoyerera munzira imwechete pane yakaderera voltage.Inoramba ichienderana kubva kune jenareta kusvika kunzvimbo yekupedzisira.Majenareta eDC ane simba mahombe emagetsi emagetsi (senge subway masisitimu), mabhangi emabhatiri nemasero ezuva, uye mwenje we LED.

Ndezvipi zvikamu zvegenset?

Majenareta seti anowanzo ane izvi zvikamu:

Injini/motor.Iyo yekutanga genset chikamu, inoshanda pamafuta.Injini dzakanaka dzakavakwa dzakasimba zvakakwana kuti dziite zvinodiwa uye dzinoshanda mumamiriro ezvinhu asina kunaka (kureva, mamiriro ekunze akaipa).

Alternator.Ichi chikamu chinoshandura simba remagetsi kuita magetsi;pasina iyo, hapana simba.

Control panel.Izvi zvinoshanda se "uropi" hwegenset, kutonga nekugadzirisa zvimwe zvikamu zvose.

Fuel system.Ichi chikamu chine matangi ekuchengetedza uye hosi dzinotumira mafuta kune injini.

Voltage regulator.Izvi zvinodzora huwandu hwevoltage inogadzirwa negenset uye inoshandura A/C yazvino kuita D/C iripo.

Base frame / imba.Iyo base frame inotsigira jenareta uye inobata zvikamu pamwe chete.Iyo inoshandawo senge anti-vibration uye yekumisa system, uye inogona kana kusaisa tangi yemafuta.Inogona kuiswa pamavhiri kuti iite kutakurika.

Dhonza-tambo michina kana bhatiri.Mhepo yekutanga inodiwa kuti utange nzira yekupisa yejenareta inotakurika.Izvi zvinowanzoitika kungave kuburikidza netambo yekudhonza tambo (senge yelawnmower) kana mota yekutanga inofambiswa nebhatiri reDC.

Manual kana otomatiki kutumira switch.Iyo yekuchinjisa switch inotungamira simba pakati peiyo huru sosi (utility simba) uye yekubatsira imwe (jenareta).Izvi zvinoita kuti magetsi arambe achiyerera uye zvinodzivirira kukanganisa kune ngozi.

Baffle bhokisi kana yakavharirwa.Kazhinji inogadzirwa nesimbi isina tsvina, mudziyo uyu unoderedza ruzha, unodzivirira ngura, uye unofambisa kufamba kwemhepo kutonhodza injini.

Majenareta haadi kugadzirisa kwakanyanya, asi zvakakosha kuti unzwisise maitiro avo emukati.Nenzira iyi, iwe unogona kuita yekudzivirira uye yakajairika kugadzirisa sezvinodiwa, pamwe nekuziva nzira yekuodha yekutsiva zvikamu.

Ndeapi marudzi egensets?

Majenareta anouya muhukuru hwakasiyana uye anogona kushandisa mafuta akasiyana.Aya anotevera ndiwo akasiyana generator mafuta masisitimu, anosanganisira zvakanakira uye zvakaipira zveumwe neumwe.

Majenareta epeturu

Majenareta epeturu ndiyo inonyanya kufarirwa sarudzo nekuti peturu inowanikwa nyore.Magetsi anofambiswa negasi zvakare akadzikira pachiyero chemutengo, uye anotakurika zvakanyanya.

Nekudaro, nguva yekushandiswa kwegasi genset inogona kuve yenguva pfupi uye kusashanda kwemafuta.Mafuta epeturu anogara achishanda mukuchengetedza kwerinenge gore.Asi zvakare inopisa zvakanyanya, izvo zvinogona kugadzira njodzi mune dzimwe nzvimbo.

Diesel jenareta

Injini dzedhiziri dzine simba kupfuura injini dzepeturu.Mafuta edhiziri zvakare haabatike, uye kuwanikwa kwawo kwakapararira.Nekugadzirisa kwakakodzera, dhiziri gensets inogona kugara kwenguva yakareba.

Zvipingamupinyi zvikuru ndezvekuti mafuta edhiziri anongonaka kweanenge makore maviri chete, uye kushandiswa kwakanyanya kunodhura.Injini dzedhiziri dzinogadzirawo hutsi hunorema.

Biodiesel jenareta

Biodiesel mafuta musanganiswa wedhiziri uye zvimwe zvipenyu zvipenyu, semafuta emhuka kana mafuta emichero.Sezvo ichipisa nehutsi hwepetroleum yakadzikira, ine hushamwari hwakatipoteredza, ichigadzira tsvina shoma uye diki fossil mafuta tsoka.

Dambudziko guru, kunyange zvakadaro, mazinga eruzha anobatanidzwa nebiodiesel injini.

Yakaderera-emissions sarudzo

Majenareta anogona zvakare kumhanya neakaderera-emission sarudzo, kusanganisira yakasikwa gasi, propane, kana simba rezuva.

Gasi remusikirwo rinowanikwa zvakanyanya uye rinokwanisika, uye rinogona kumhanya kubva munzvimbo dzakachengetwa dzeshale, zvinoreva kuti hapana kuzozadzwazve.Zvisinei, kuipa kukuru ndekwekuti jenareta yegasi harisi nyore kutakurika uye rinodhura kuisa.

Propane inopisa zvakachena uye ine hupenyu hurefu hwesherufu asiwo inopfuta zvakanyanya.Mari yekuisa yakakwira, uye majenareta aya anopisa mafuta anopeta katatu pane anomhanya nedhiziri.

Majenareta ezuva anochajiswa nezuva, saka mafuta efossil footprint haapo, uye kushanda kuri nyore.Iyo drawback pano ishoma simba rekupa.Zvakare, nguva yekuchaja inononoka;kana pasina chaji yakakwana yakachengetwa, mafuta emafuta asina kujairika anogona kukanganisa.

Majenareta madiki ekuchengetedza emumba anowanzo shandisa peturu, asi majenareta makuru emaindasitiri anowanzo shandisa dhiziri kana gasi chaiwo.

Genset saizi uye kushandiswa

Majenareta ane akasiyana emagetsi emagetsi uye kumhanya kweinjini.Vanogona kumira voga kana kubatanidzwa kune zvivako.Mamwe majenareta anotakurika ane mavhiri kana akaiswa pamatirailer kuitira kuti akwanise kudhonzwa kubva pane imwe nzvimbo kuenda kune imwe.

Paunenge uchisarudza genset, iwe unozoda kuongorora maficha akadai sekugadzira magetsi, kunyatsoita mafuta, kuvimbika, uye kuvaka kwakasimba.

Kunzwisisa kubuda kwemagetsi kunobatsira, zvakare: Kubuda kunoyerwa mumawatts kana kilowatts.Majenareta makuru anogona kugadzira magetsi akawanda asi ane mafuta akawandisa;zvisinei, majenareta madiki anogona kusaburitsa simba raunoda.

Kunzwisisa kwakasimba kwesimba rako raunoda ndiyo kiyi yekukubatsira iwe kusarudza mhando yegenset.

Benefits of gensets

Kana imba yako kana bhizinesi richishandirwa nekuchembera magetsi zvidyarwa kana mitsara, saka unoziva nekukanganisa.Zvakafanana kana iwe uchigara kana kushanda munzvimbo inowanzoitika kune zvakanyanya mamiriro ekunze semadutu kana madutu emhepo.

Kurasa simba zvinoreva kuti wanyatsovhara.Kune mabhizinesi, chero kukanganisa kana kuderera kunogona kutungamira mukurasikirwa kukuru kwemari.

Nekuda kweizvozvo, kune akawanda mabhenefiti ane chekuita nekushandisa genset.

Inogona kushandiswa seyokutanga kana backup simba sosi.

Inoshanda senzvimbo huru yesimba rezvirongwa zvekuvaka kana mabasa ari kure.

Inoshanda sechimbichimbi simba sosi mune chiitiko chekudzima kwegetsi kusingatarisirwe.

Inopa dziviriro kubva kune brownouts, izvo zvinogona kukanganisa.

Inogadzira kuchengetedza kunzvimbo dzine peak grid kudiwa kwakakwira - uye, semhedzisiro, inodhura.

Emergency magetsi jenareta anopa simba rakavimbika rekudzivisa kurasikirwa kwemari uye kukanganisa kwekuchengetedza.Vanogona kunyange kudzivirira kurasikirwa neupenyu muzvipatara uye mumisha inochengeterwa vakwegura.Mabhizinesi mazhinji anovimba nemagenset kuti aderedze kukanganisa kwakashata kwekudzima kwemagetsi.Izvi zvinovabatsira kuti varambe vachishanda, kunyange munguva dzakaoma.

Kuve negenset yakagadzirira muchiitiko chekukanganiswa kwemagetsi kunogona kuponesa hupenyu, dzimwe nguva chaiko.Uye kunyangwe mumamiriro ezvinhu asiri ehupenyu-kana-rufu, genset inogona kuvimbisa kushanda kwakanaka pasina kukanganisa.


Nguva yekutumira: Aug-24-2022